Chapter 12 - Mrs Bartlett\/GOVT 2306 CHAPTER 12 LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN TEXAS I OVERVIEW OF GRASSROOTS GOVERNMENTS A ABOUT Local governments are not

Chapter 12 - Mrs Bartlett/GOVT 2306 CHAPTER 12 LOCAL...

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Mrs. Bartlett/GOVT 2306 CHAPTER 12: LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN TEXAS I. OVERVIEW OF GRASSROOTS GOVERNMENTS A. ABOUT Local governments are not independent. They are called creatures of the state. (Dillon’s Rule) Level that most affects us – delivery of services B. WAYS TO PARTICIPATE Vote Run for office City council meeting Volunteering II. MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT A. LEGAL CLASSIFICATIONS Need at least 201 residents to incorporate Must petition the state government 2 LEGAL CLASSIFICATIONS OF CITIES IN TEXAS 1. GENERAL-LAW MUNICIPALITIES Governed by a charter prescribed by the general law of Texas, depending on size – they cannot choose their form of government They have a varying population, but fewer than 10,000 residents To incorporate must have at least 201 residents Majority of Texas cities Smaller cities like Timpson, Garrison, Joaquin 2. HOME RULE CITIES (approximately 350) Governed by a charter adopted, amended, or repealed by residents To become a home-rule city must have at least 5,000 residents Special powers (if in charter) o Recall , which allows voters to remove local elected officials o Initiative , which allows voters to propose and vote on local laws o Referendum , which allows voters to repeal/approve laws by vote on the ballot B. 3 FORMS OF MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT 1. STRONG MAYOR—COUNCIL About 40% of cities in Texas has a strong mayor form of government Houston is the only big city with this form of government Mayor appoints all the department heads Mayor can veto any decisions made by the Council
2. WEAK MAYOR—COUNCIL Mayor has little power just another preceding officer Mayor can still veto but can be over ridden by City Council Teneha and Joaquin have this form of government 3. COUNCIL—MANAGER (not for General Law)

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