08 - 2/28/08 Phase Four: The Directory 1795-99- Return to...

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2/28/08 Phase Four: The Directory 1795-99- Return to stability. Return to Middle class dominance. New Constitution- Only tax payers could vote, those who served in the army could serve. The radical poor people were left out in the cold. Free of Speech, Freedom of Press. Bicameral Legislature. Council of Ancients- prosperous Middle class, like the SENATE. Council of 500- Lower class, like CONGRESS, proposed laws, and give legislation. Democratically elected. 5 Man Executive committee- like president, execute the laws that are passed. Conclusions: The Big Winners and the Big Losers.- Nobility is the losers, their still is upper class, but they don’t have special privileges any more. The Church does not get a major say so in the government any more. They are not the dominant landholders any more. Monarchy dies, their still is kings, but MONARCHY is dead. -Bourgeoisie (city dwellers) French middle class. Could afford to buy the church seized lands. Rise of ‘isms’”-Nationalism, republicanism, Universalism- that French history is the only one and true history. Napoleon Bonaparte: Usurper of the Revolution or unifier of Revolutionary. Did help fix the republic to get the state back on track. 1769-1821 son of a miner nobleman from Italy. Corsica was taken from Genoa of N. Italy. He wasn’t really French. By age of 16 he was second lutenant
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course WORLD CIV. 2013 taught by Professor Gradstudent during the Spring '08 term at Arkansas.

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08 - 2/28/08 Phase Four: The Directory 1795-99- Return to...

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