amnesty intl - Jessica Robe Poly Sci 5 11/24/06 AMNESTY...

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-1Jessica Robe Poly Sci 5 11/24/06 AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL Amnesty International describes themselves as “a worldwide movement of people who campaign for internationally recognized human rights.” They aim to fight injustice and mistreatment of the world’s people, in all of its various forms. Whenever personal freedom is infringed upon, Amnesty International makes an attempt to right it nonviolently. They are, in many ways, one of the most powerful nongovernmental organizations in the world; they have no military, obviously, and yet have been able to greatly affect the discourse of several dozen sovereign nations since their inception in As a doctrine, the organization has adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The document was formally adopted in a meeting of the United Nations General Assembly on December 10, 1948. The Declaration guarantees every human being’s right to life, liberty, security, employment, and expression, without regard to race, color, creed, or gender. However, because of conflicts in rhetoric with the U.N. Commission on Human Rights (which was discontinued in March of 2006, replaced with the new UN Human Rights Council), the influence of this document and the organization it birthed was greatly limited in its first twelve years of existence. That all changed, quickly, in 1960, when two Portugese college students- one of
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amnesty intl - Jessica Robe Poly Sci 5 11/24/06 AMNESTY...

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