SAT-Grammar-Rules - \u00a9 2011 Central Test Prep SAT Grammar Rules 1 Placement of modifiers A string of words can together serve as an adjective or adverb

SAT-Grammar-Rules - u00a9 2011 Central Test Prep SAT...

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© 2011 Central Test Prep. SAT Grammar Rules1Placement of modifiers:A string of words can together serve as an adjective or adverb. An adjectival phrase typically modifies the nearest noun. Incorrect: Last night I shot an elephant in my pajamas.How the elephant got in my pajamas, I’ll never know. Correct: Last night, while in my pajamas, I shot an elephant. Use of participles:A participle is a verb functioning as an adjective.2(A participial phrase may therefore raise the issue of the placement of a modifier.) Every sentence must have a main verb, but a participle is grammatically an adjective, so a participle cannot be the sentence’s main verb. Incorrect: Tuition will rise next year. The reason beingthat state funding will be cut. Correct: Tuition will rise next year, the reason beingthat state funding will be cut. Use of commas and semicolons:There are only two correct uses of the semicolon: in a list of phrases in which some

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