Course Hero Logo

65153499_TMS3731_01_MARK074100.PDF - Name: Simphiwe...

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 9 pages.

Name: SimphiweSurname: MthembuUnique number: 844343Student number: 65153499Closing date: 15 May 2021Question 1Historical evidence and historical sourcesHistorical evidence is used to construct a picture of the past. The evidence the historians needto do this is in the form of sources. A source is anything which survives from the past or tells usabout the past. A source is not the same as evidence. A source becomes evidence if it is used toanswer a question about the past. For example the slogan in Sophiatown. “ we wont move” thiswould be useful evidence to answer the question: “ What were people in Sophiatown afraid ofduring the apartheid era?” it shows among other things that people feared forced removals somuch that the National Party government could enforce the Group Areas Act 41 of 1950(Dugmore, Mulholland, Nussey & Siebörger 1997: 5). Historians can usually find some sources tohelp them learn about the past, but there are usually more sources about the recent past (e.g.World War II) than about the distant past (e.g. the San people), and there are more sourcesabout some places than others (e.g. there are more sources about Ancient Egypt than there areabout South Africa).Sources may be kept for historians to use because someone wanted to keep them. People keepnotes or records of everything said in parliament. Sources can also be preserved by chance. Allbut one tomb of the Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs were robbed. Robbers of Tutankhamen’s tombwere caught at it and fled. Without this good luck, historians would have fewer sources aboutAncient Egypt. Sometimes sources are lost because people want to destroy them. There is, forexample, no order for the sabotage of President Samora Machel’saeroplane. We do not know ifsuch an order ever existed but , if so, it was destroyed. Sources may be lost or destroyed bychance. The National Party government burned many sources that might have survived. Evensources which survive might be kept from the public eye because it does not suit some peopleto expose them (Hinton, 1990:4-5).Primary source and Secondary sourcePrimary source the word “primary” is derived from the Latin word primarius which generallymeans first. In historical parlance, a primary source is a first source because it is sometimeproduced at the time an event took place. Primary sources always date back to the actual timein the past when the event they record, occurred. They are primary sources because they areOpen Rubric
based on what people saw, or heard, or created at the time. These primary sources may be inthe form of words – such as a book, document or letter. They may be in the form of anillustration, such as a painting, engraving, map or photograph. They may also be in the shape ofa building, an article of clothing, or some other relic you can touch (Sauvin, 1988:4). They arefound in places such as old shipwrecks, archaeological digs and old battle sites. Once found,primary sources are often housed in archives, museums, libraries or private collections. Dias’soriginal padrao at Mossel Bay, the skull found by Prof Dart at Taung, Van Riebeeck’s diarybuildings such as the castle in Cape Town, glass beads found in at the wreck of the Grosvenor,old coins, stone-age implements, etcetera are all examples of primary sources. Many writtenprimary sources such asSol Plaatje’s diary have been published, and should not be confused

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 9 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Summer
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
History, Ordinary People, Source text

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture