(Full) Prison and Prisoners Exam 2 Study Guide

(Full) Prison and Prisoners Exam 2 Study Guide - Prison and...

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Prison and Prisoners Final Study Guide Chapter 7 -INTRODUCTION -women-fastest growing part of the inmate population -A HISTORY OF PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS FOR WOMEN -prominent theme = female morality -more depraved and morally corrupt -punishments for women -brank and ducking stool -men not controlling their wives -punishment- cuckold’s court (PERSON)- Elizabeth Fry- prison reformer -women wardens -her work along with others led to the privatization of some prisons. -goals of programs= instill femininity (PERSON)- Elizabeth Farnham- Matron of Mt. Pleasant -decorations, curtains, flowers (like a finishing school) -deviant or criminal women= strategies of social control= reformatory era -application of medical model soon emerged -important objective= reinforcement of female sex roles -two types of facilities emerged- reformatory/custodial institutions -reformatory- less harsh and more optimism than custodial -custodial= mostly criminal offenders -2 tier system- reflected bias (social class and race) -reformatory women -young, unhardened, guilty of misdemeanors and white -custodial- black/older/convicted of more serious crimes -1930’s- reform movement is beginning to be non existent -reasons- prostitution being not really enforced and economic forces (Great D) (PERSON)- Michel Foucault -view punishment from perspective of power -THEORIES OF FEMALE CRIMINALITY -male-supremacy knowledge- doesn’t examine women in society and crime -prevailing theories of crime and andocentric -positivism- earliest to distinguish female criminality from male criminality -traditional theories- females are more defective and immoral than males (PERSON)- Van de Warker -women does crime to get men’s attention (PERSON)- Cesare Lombroso
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-research on female criminality- reinforced by Ferrero -led to “The Female Offender” -body type= assumptions on moral deficiencies -borrowed from Darwin -prostitutes= evolutionary throw backs -natural selection -criminal women cannot reproduce because of unattractive physical traits -failed to distinguish between traits that are biological/inherent in the sex and ones that are socially induced -1900’s- 2 theoretical models of female criminality -social determinism- advocated sterilization/long periods of confinement -pointed to influence bad men have on weak women -treatment improvement of moral and social habits -next trend took a sociological approach -1940’s- female libertarian model (Pollak) -female criminality linked to changes in society -currently two explanations of female criminality- opportunity/socialization -Hoffman-Bustamante- 5 factors that integrate opportunity and socialization -differential role expectations for men and women -sex differences in socialization patterns and the application of social control -structurally determined differences in opportunity to commit particular offenses -differential access or pressure toward criminally oriented subcultures and careers -sex differences built into crime categories -women commit crime today to deal with economic hardship
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2009 for the course 215 202 taught by Professor Welch during the Spring '09 term at Rutgers.

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(Full) Prison and Prisoners Exam 2 Study Guide - Prison and...

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