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Test 1 - Sample Test

Test 1 - Sample Test - History 2057 Test 1 Sample Test 1...

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History 2057 Test 1 Sample Test 1. What 3 groups supported the newly formed Republican Party in the South during the Congressional Reconstruction? a. Carpet baggers b. Scallywags c. Blacks 2. Briefly explain the railroads effect on the late-nineteenth century? a. The Railroad allowed for faster and cheaper transportation. It linked the east and the west. It allowed for settles out west to farm land and then ship crops back east to be sold. The railroads were a key factor in how quickly the United States becomes industrialized. The railroads were the life blood of small communities. If a railroad passed through your town it helped stimulate the economy and keep the town alive. They also cause the United States to have to adopt time zones in order to set schedules and have standardization. 3. Briefly explain the 3 reasons many Americans feared late-nineteenth-century immigrants? a. Race: Americans were mostly of western European decent and these new immigrants were from central and southern Europe and they were thought to be racially inferior. b. Religion: Americans were predominantly Protestant Christian and these new immigrants were catholic and Jewish. They thought the Catholics would honor the pope like a king and not be loyal American citizens c. Political Radicalism: where these immigrants were coming from had a lot of political turmoil. Radicalists were bombing buildings and attempting assassinations and Americans feared that some of these immigrants would bring that radicalism to the United States. 4. What issue was central to the importance to: a. The Farmer’s Alliance: the sub-treasury system b. The Populist Party: the free silver issue 5. Based on what you have read in Larson’s The Devil in the White City, explain the differences a visitor would notice between the city of Chicago and the “White City?” a. Chicago was a filthy city. Horse manure and dead animals lay in the streets b/c there was no street cleaning service. People lived in horrible conditions, with no running or clean water. It stunk of meat packing plants and was filled with smog. On the other hand a visitor to the exposition would see just the opposite. It was clean and beautiful with its Roman architecture and white washed buildings. There were people hired to clean the park and a water purifying system so people enjoyed clean drinking water. The bathrooms were clean and the air was pure. The “White City” was everything Chicago was not but everything it hoped to be.
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