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Complete Notes 2

Complete Notes 2 - History 4072 The New South 8/24 I...

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History 4072: The New South 8/24 I. Attempts by Scholars to Define the South 1) Race – U. Phillips discussed this in 1928 “Things change over time; politics, economics, but one thing always stayed the same, white man power.” The commitment to maintain white supremacy A combination of 2 cultures Legacy of slavery 2) History General interest Woodward wrote books about southern history & what the south is really defined by: poverty, frustration because of the defeat, guilt, & that the south is wiser & better 3) Persistent Folk Culture Honor, tradition, hospitality, closeness to local community; laid back 4) Ethnic Reed referred to southerners as “Celts” Attachment to locality Literalist to religion (more conservative) More prone to violence 5) No South Southern values seem to be more exaggerated values of the Americans II. Old South to New? a) How much did the war really destroy the south? b) No old south, but was a “slave south” c) Slave south gives way to the solid south, then gives to the Suburban south 8/26 Reconstruction (1865 – 1877) I. The South in 1865 From 1865 – 1890 the south is figured how to fix/adjust to the defeat From 1890 – 1945 is considered by historians as the “solid south” The “solid south” is different in 3 ways: 1) One party system dominates south – Democratic Party
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2) The rural society is rooted by a one crop economy – Cotton o This one crop economy really made the economy as a whole very poor 3) Rigid segregation & black powerlessness From after 1970 after industrialization of the south, the south then becomes the “suburban south” A. White South’s Response to Defeat April 9, 1865 Robert E. Lee surrenders; the South now knows they have lost the war South’s initial response to defeat is that we were right & being a part of the U.S. is not so bad & slavery is not wrong and there is nothing wrong with having slaves White southerners believe the succession was honorable Whites were persistent in 2 certain beliefs 1) Local control of government 2) Loss of slavery & control of white supremacy B. Black South’s Response The war taught that the slaves are free & that the world is concerned about their emancipation After the war they want to reconstruct their families The people want to go to schools & become educated (learn to read) They want civil & political rights They believe that they should receive land from the federal government II. Politics A. Failures of Self-Reconstruction The first 2 years of reconstruction are run by rules set by Andrew Johnson which were very lenient; the government gave the south 2 years to reconstruct themselves B. An Attempt at a Bi-Racial Political Order After 1866 blacks have the right to vote by Congressional Reconstruction Republican party dominates Southern states: 1) Carpetbaggers – Northern politicians who come south 2) Scalawags – White southerners who support the Republican party o African Americans were the most dominate group of people who made up the Republican Party Instability
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