Spectrum of Engineering Activities

Spectrum of Engineering Activities - Spectrum of...

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Unformatted text preview: Spectrum of Engineering Activities ► Definition and scope of engineering Engineering is the application of science to the solution of a problem of society at a profit Engineering is based on mathematics and science but is focused on the solution of specific problems Spectrum of Engineering Activities – The solutions, because they are needed or desired by society, must meet certain legal, environmental, and economic constraints. – Thus, engineering practice is highly interactive and constrained, therefore very challenging. Spectrum of Engineering Activities Research Concern for finances and administrative matters Application of scientific principles Development Design Production and Construction Operation and Maintenance Sales Management Spectrum of Engineering Activities ► Research and Development (R&D) It is considered to be the glamour end of the engineering spectrum. R&D covers quite a range of efforts: ► Research ► Exploratory development ► Advanced development ► Engineering development ► Management and support Spectrum of Engineering Activities Classification of R&D – Basic research – Applied research – development Spectrum of Engineering Activities Organisation of the engineering function – Functional organisation – Project organisation – Project-functional staff orgtanisation The Engineering Profession Engineering is recognised as a profession along with medicine, law, education. It is profession because: It involves intellectual effort, It calls for creative thinking, It is motivated by a desire for service The Engineering Profession Craftsman Build Skills Concepts Technician Engineering technologist Engineer Scientist Maintain Operate and test Implement Predict Ethics in Engineering Ethics are the principles of conduct that govern an individual or a profession. They provide the framework of the rules of behaviour that are moral, fair, and proper for a true professional. Ethics in Engineering Engineering lacks the homogeneous character of law and medicine. There is no widely accepted code of engineering ethics. Most professional societies have adopted their own codes. Ethics in Engineering Ethics is based on moral philosophy. A set of moral values for personal behaviour: Respect the rights of others, Be fair, Do not lie or cheat, Keep promises and contracts, Avoid harming others, Obey all laws. Ethics in Engineering Two extreme types of behaviour: Altruism – individuals act for the sake of other people’s interests. Egoism – individuals act for their own advantage. An engineer in a design situation can be potentially faced with a multitude of ethical ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/02/2009 for the course AERO 0398930 taught by Professor Dryeng during the Spring '09 term at University of Bristol.

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