{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

JHI1300RosNotes1 - JHI 1300 Medieval Jewish History Rabbi...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
JHI 1300 – Medieval Jewish History Rabbi Rosensweig Essay #1: Origins of Eastern European Jewry and structures and functions of the Jewish Community in Poland. ‘ ‘ and attitude of the State and Church in Poland towards the Jews. 2 theories on the emergence of E.European Jewery. 1)Eastern Theory- Jews came out of the Khazars, who had lived between the Arabs and Byzantins from 740 through the end of the 11 th century. Koestler supports that in his book, ‘The 13 th Tribe’. 2)Western Theory- E.European community developed as a result of a combo of the Persecution and Trade theories. R. Rosensweig supports it. Koestler’s proofs- (coin travels to Shtetl crushing it, they give it Kahzar name, thousands invade) 1) The coins found in Polan were similar to those of Khazar Kingdom 2) Khazars went to Hungary and then to Poland. 3) The Polish shtetl was very similar to Khazar way of life. 4) Polish places had Khazar names 5) Large number of Polish Jews (500,000) couldn’t have come from German origins, because large % was killed in Black Plague and Crusades. R. Rosensweig’s refutations- 1) Same coins found in Germany 2) Khazars were very rebellious and ergo unlikely to set up religious structure 3) Shtetl way of life was in Germany too 4) Names of the places had Polish meanings unrelated to Khazars. 5) There were only 170,000 Jews in Poland. And overestimated how many Jews killed R. Rosensweig’s proofs- ( yiddish minhag rights) 1) Language was yiddish, a german extraction. 2) They kept ashkenazic customs 3) Rights of Jews of Poland were similar to Germany. According to this theory, the Jews were brought to Poland by invitation, in order to fill void; to create a middle class who could trade. So Germans and German Jews were brought in. Germans got rights under the Mardeburg Laws , and the Jews got rights through a charter of Prince Bolishov in 1264. The charter included 37 points, some being: (7) 1) Jews couldn’t be charged higher tolls 2) Any lawsuit affecting Jews would be judged by the Voyevoda(the Jew’s judge) 3)Non-Jewish testimony against a Jew had to be substantiated by a Jew. 4) Christian who murdered a Jew was subject to death and loss of property. 5) The laws of Shabbos and Yomtove were protected 6)Laws of Shechita were protected. 7) A blood libel had to be substantiated by 6, otherwise accuser was dead. The rights went counter to church. So they responded with Council of Breslav in 1267. (6) 1)Jews could live only in certain Jewish areas. 2) One shul per city 3)Couldn’t sell wine or medicine 4)Couldn’t own Christian Slaves 5)Jews had to stay home as Christian possessions passed. 6)Had to wear special hats. However, many of these church policies were ignored because of the economic reasons of the state. Downloaded by: www.yumesorah.com Page 1 of 11
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
JHI 1300 – Medieval Jewish History Rabbi Rosensweig The rights given to the Jews by the govt. allowed them to have a strong and structured community. Structure was made up of Vaad Arbah Artzot, which operated for 200 years. It had 2 bodies: 1) Roshei Hamidenot
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}