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Unformatted text preview: JHI 1300 Medieval Jewish History Spring 2004 Dr. Rosensweig Notes by Dovid Wildman Downloaded from: www.yumesorah.com Dr. Rosensweig Medieval JH 1/29/04 Sheiltot Halachot Gedolot Bahag (Baal Halachot Gedolot) Rav Shimon? Kara Babylonia, early 9 th century. - Attempt to rearrange Talmudic legislation in systematic form. To categorize and abridge/condense. Took conclusions, and left out Agadah and discussions. - Compendium that contained only normative material. o Ex. Gemara Shabbos is condensed to 10 short chapters. - Format: introduction, ________. - He limited himself to discussing only those laws that apply in Galut. - First book to have introduction. Unconventional introduction 1) Importance of Torah and its study. 2) Enumerated all 613 mitzvot. Never b4 had such a listing been attempted. - Very important work. Revolutionary that determined the path of Halachic literature for some time. o Format included headings like Laws of Prayer etc. The Gaonim put prayer service together. Text was fixed. - Rav Amram Gaon Gaon of Sura 857-875 composed prayer book accompanied with notes and explanations. First prayer book ever. - Known as Seder Rav Amram Gaon. - These texts were not new. Babylonian Jews were well acquainted with these prayers from tradition. They new them by heart. The texts helped mostly Jews outside Bavel. - Also important Halachic work. It discussed laws and customs connected with Teffilah service. Also discussed Kriat Hatorah, making Brachot, etc. 60 years later: Rav Saadyah Gaon put together a siddur for Egyptian communities. - Notes were written in Arabic with Hebrew letters. Prayers in Hebrew. - We have a manuscript that was preserved. - Variations between Rav Saadyah and Rav Amram based on custom of the places. - Basic structure is the same, but differences in custom that had developed over time in different Jewish communities. Masechtot Ketanot Minor tractates - These were edited in time of Geonim. Information went back to Talmudic times. - Appended to Talmud Bavli. - Masechet Sofrim, Derech Eretz, Avot Derebbi Natan (commentary on Pirkei Avot) Time period - Internal problems in Jewish communities - Emergence of Karites. JHI1300RosNotes4.pdf Page 1 of 14 JHI 1300 Medieval Jewish History Spring 2004 Dr. Rosensweig Notes by Dovid Wildman Downloaded from: www.yumesorah.com o Founder of movement: Anan ben-David. He descended from family of the Exilarch. When exilarch died, he left no children. Anan was oldest nephew. So he was prime candidate for exilarch. However, geonim opposed him. They accused him of arrogance and immorality and suspected his religiosity. So they appointed the younger brother. Anan had himself appointed by his followers. The Kalef? threw him in jail. There, he met Ibn Chanifa, who had been incarcerated for treason. He gave him advice: two types of Jews. His brother headed one kind, he headed the other. Kalef said that anyone with 10 followers would be recognized. So other....
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