Chapter 15-1 notes

Chapter 15-1 notes - PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS CHAPTER 15...

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PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS CHAPTER 15 Abnormal Psychology *Field that studies patterns of thinking, feeling, and/or behaving that are “abnormal” *What exactly does “abnormal” mean? What is abnormal? Something that: *Is statistically infrequent *Is unexpected or not typical *Violates social or cultural norms *Causes personal distress or harm to the individual *Signals disability or dysfunction Psychological Disorders *Mental processes and/or behavior patterns that cause emotional distress and/or substantial impairment in functioning *Diagnosis generally requires strong & consistent pattern of maladaptive *In the past, divided by severity into categories of “psychoses” & “neuroses” (categories not used officially anymore) Psychoses *Severe behavioral problems *Pronounced functional impairment *Person is “out of touch” with reality *Often involve: –thought disorders –hallucinations –delusions –unusual affect (displays of emotion) Neuroses *Less severe than psychoses *Not “out of touch” with reality
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*May appear as exaggerations of normal reactions *Often appear as problems controlling moods or anxiety Perspectives on Disorders *Psychodynamic perspective: disorders result from early childhood experiences and/or unresolved unconscious conflicts *Learning perspective: disorders result from faulty learning or a failure to learn appropriate behavior *Cognitive perspective: disorders result from faulty thinking or distorted perceptions *Biological perspective: disorders have physical causes (such as genetic, *Biopsychosocial perspective: biological causes play a major role, but Diathesis - Stress Model *Idea that illnesses, such as psychological disorders, result from an interaction of: Genetic predisposition – inherited vulnerability towards developing a
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Mason-hall during the Spring '08 term at Western Michigan.

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Chapter 15-1 notes - PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS CHAPTER 15...

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