Luke and the Covenants.07

Luke and the Covenants.07 - Luke and the Covenants Luke is...

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Luke and the Covenants Luke is aware of other covenants between God and his people in Israel’s scriptures. In fact, in addition to the Abrahamic covenant, Luke mentions or alludes to the Noachic covenant, the Mosaic covenant, the Davidic covenant, and the “new covenant” of Jeremiah. It is helpful to explore briefly the roles of these other covenants in Luke’s narrative before turning to the Lukan function of the Abrahamic covenant. Noahic Covenant . In addition to God’s promise not to destroy the earth again by means of a flood, the Noahic covenant imposes certain dietary restrictions on God’s people: Then God blessed Noah and his sons, saying to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the earth. The fear and dread of you will fall upon all the beasts of the earth and all the birds of the air, upon every creature that moves along the ground, and upon all the fish of the sea; they are given into your hands. Everything that lives and moves will be food for you. Just as I gave you the green plants, I now give you everything. But you must not eat meat that has its lifeblood still in it.” (Gen 9:1-3; cf. Lev 17:13) This dietary restriction to avoid meat with blood in it seems to be echoed in the Apostolic Decree of Acts 15, and provides a compromise between the sect of the Pharisees and the advocates of the Gentile mission : “Instead, (we should simply) write them a letter in order that they might abstain from things defiled by idols, from sexual immorality, from (eating the meat of animals that have been) strangled, and from (eating/drinking) blood” (Acts 15:20; cf. 15:29). While Gentiles do not have to be circumcised they should follow (among other things) the Noahic prohibition to abstain from meat of strangled animals. Otherwise, the Noahic covenant is given scant attention in the pages of Luke/Acts. Mosaic Covenant . The Mosaic covenant, on the other hand, is central to Israel’s understanding of her relationship with Yahweh, and likewise holds an important, if ambiguous, place in Luke’s writings (Wilson 1983). Exodus 34:26-28 gives a brief summary of the covenant with Moses: The LORD said to Moses: Write these words; in accordance with these words I have made a
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Luke and the Covenants.07 - Luke and the Covenants Luke is...

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