Chapter 14a - Chapter 14: How Biological Diversity Evolves...

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Chapter 14: How Biological Diversity Evolves I. Taxonomy A. Science that deals with the classifying and naming of living things B. The language of taxonomy is Latin, which is used for several reasons 1. It was the language of the scholars 2. It is a “dead” language and therefore does not change 3. It is descriptive 4. Common names vary depending upon geographical location C. The “Father” of Taxonomy was Carolus Linnaeus 1. He developed a system that recognized two large groups or kingdoms a. Kingdom Plantae - non-motile and photosynthetic b. Kingdom Animalia - motile and ingestive 2. Each kind of organism was assigned a two part Latin name (= binomial nomenclature ) a. Genus name - capitalized and underlined b. Specific epithet (species name) - lower case and also underlined II. Modern Taxonomy A. The largest and most inclusive taxon or category is the Domain (proposed) B. Below the level of Domain are the less inclusive taxons Domain Kingdom Phylum (animals/animal-like) or Division (plants/plant-like)
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Chapter 14a - Chapter 14: How Biological Diversity Evolves...

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