Summary Notes LANECH

Summary Notes LANECH - Summary Notes Year 12 PE Term 2 What...

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Summary Notes – Year 12 PE – Term 2 What is Fitness? The state or condition of being fit; suitability or appropriateness. Good health or physical condition, especially as the result of exercise and proper nutrition. The ability to perform everyday tasks without excess fatigue, with enough energy remaining for emergency situations. Components of Fitness for Touch: Cardiorespiratory Endurance – the ability of the heart, lungs and circulatory system to supply oxygen and nutrients to working muscles. This is essential for Touch as games can be up to 40 minutes and players can be on the field for an extended period. o Measured by: Multi-Stage Fitness (Beep Test) Score Speed – the rate of change in position. Another important component which allows the athlete to run faster than their opponents in order to score a try/chase down the ball. o Measured by: 35m Sprint Time Agility – the ability to change direction or position of the whole body/part body rapidly and efficiently. This is often used as athletes change direction to avoid being tagged or to try obtain a break in the defence. o Measured by: Shuttle Run Test Coordination – is a smooth flow of movement when performing a physical task. This is evident when athletes have the ability to catch/throw the ball and also change direction in the one motion. o Measured by: Alternate Hand Wall Toss Fitness Testing: The measurement of physical fitness usually involves the use of laboratory or field tests to measure individual components. No one test will measure all health-related or skill-related components; often a battery of tests is required for each. These results are then recorded and evaluated, based on norms or the overall results of previous participants. Most fitness tests will have norms that enable results to be compared. The many reasons for measuring physical fitness include to: • evaluate progress • make comparisons with others • develop accurate training programs • set realistic, achievable fitness goals • identify baseline and follow-up fitness levels • assess individual strengths and weaknesses • identify medical problems • motivate athletes to improve results.
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Training Methods: Aerobic Training Aerobic capacity will be improved by a training program that is designed to progressively overload the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, and stress the muscles’ ability to use oxygen.
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