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11/04/14 HIS315KMr. Jefferson’s Republic, 1789-18121.New Government Begins April 30, 1789-Inventing the unites States (what the constitution didn’t say)-Mottoes and Symbols: Eagle or Turkey?-Titles and Protocols: “Your Elective Majesty” or “Mr. President”?-Matters of Style and Substancce·Washington’s Action as President (and Precedent)2.First Order of Business: “Bill of Rights”-June 1789, Congressional Committee (Madison Chair) to consider proposed addtions to Constitution-12 amendments sent to the states-10 are approved (ratified) by December 1791-“Bill of Rights” : Protect Individuals and States Against Federal power, Anti-Federalists’Constitution3.Emergence of “Faction” (Political Parties) in the First Congress-Early on, members of Congress begin to form Voting blocs, Social cliques-Differences in Style but also Political Ideas-Key Disagreement: The meaning of the Revolution4.“Federalists” (one of the Party above)-Anglophiles- seek to copy British Models-Limited View of the Revolution- “war of independence” Necessary but also complete and unique-Limited Republic- people should defer to their chosen leaders-Leaders: Alex. Hamilton(Sec. of Treasury)John Adams(V.P.)5.“Republicans” (Jefferson-Republicans)-Anglophobes- America the anti-thesis of Britain-Expansive View of Revolution- On-going, world-wide, Part of Liberty’s age-old struggle-A people’s republic: Elected officials public servants, no deference-Leaders: Thomas Jefferson (Sec. of State)James Madison(Spkr of the House)6.Hamilton vs. Jefferson-Debates in Washington’s cabinet-Jan. 1790 – “Report on Public Credit” (Funding the Debt) reply the national debt at prto current holders, national government to assume remaining state debts