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Socrates’ Final Argument

Socrates’ Final Argument - Campbell 1 Anthony Campbell Dr...

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Campbell 1 Anthony Campbell Dr. Sharpe PHI-006 27 February 2008 Socrates’ Final Argument In the Phaedo, Plato describes Socrates’ Final Argument. This Final Argument is roughly this: The soul causes life. The opposite of life is death. What causes life cannot admit its opposite. Therefore, the soul does not admit death. What does not admit death is immortal. Therefore, the soul is immortal. What is immortal is imperishable. Therefore, the soul is imperishable. Examining the first premise, that “souls cause life,” we find that Socrates has presupposed the existence of the soul. There was not a time at which he ever really proved the existence of the soul, so for the sake of this paper, this is understood but disregarded. The closest one might come to understanding the justification of Socrates’ belief in the soul is that he finds the distinction between life and death to be beyond physical. By this, he is saying that the reason life is, is not due to cellular metabolism; to say so is basically to describe life.
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