Review_Sheet_-_Exam_1

Review_Sheet_-_Exam_1 - 8. How does the doctrine of...

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PHI-006-1 Philosophical Perspectives; Spring 2008 Exam One Review Sheet Terms statement, argument, valid, sound, conditional, antecedent, consequent, “if and only if,” argument form, modus ponens, modus tollens, denying the antecedent, affirming the consequent, Paradox of the learner, a priori knowledge, a posteriori knowledge, traditional analysis of knowledge (three conditions of knowledge) General questions you should be able to answer 1. What is philosophy? 2. What are the two primary questions philosophers ask? 3. What are the two primary methods of answering those questions? 4. What are the three criteria of a good definition? 5. What were Euthyphro’s three definitions of piety and what is wrong with each of them? I would pay particular attention to Socrates’ argument against the third definition. 6. What is the paradox of the learner? 7. What is the doctrine of recollection and why it is originally introduced?
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Unformatted text preview: 8. How does the doctrine of recollection solve the problem posed by the paradox of the learner? 9. What is Platos argument for recollection? Is it a good argument? 10. Can you have a valid argument with a false conclusion? 11. Can you have a sound argument with a false conclusion? 12. Can you have a valid argument with a false premise? 13. Can you have a sound argument with a false premise? 14. Are there any valid arguments that are unsound? [and other questions of this sort] 15. Does Socrates think virtue is teachable? (remember there are several arguments involved in answering this question and he seems to change his mind) 16. According to Plato what is the difference between true opinion and knowledge? 17. Why is knowledge more valuable than mere true opinion? 18. Why are each of the three conditions of knowledge included in the traditional analysis of knowledge?...
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