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Man’s Happiness, According to Aristotle

Man’s Happiness, According to Aristotle - Campbell 1...

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Campbell 1 Anthony Campbell Dr. Sharpe PHI-006 7 April 2008 Man’s Happiness, According to Aristotle In Book I of the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle takes it upon himself to define happiness as “something complete and self-sufficient, and… the end of action.” In other words, happiness is the absolute, ultimate good that all actions aim to achieve for no other reason than its acquisition. Aristotle begins Book I by establishing that all actions have the purpose of bringing about something desirable. This thing that is desirable he calls a good. So all actions aim at some good. According to Aristotle, happiness is the good that all actions are meant to end at. This ultimate good is “complete” in that is always desirable, and always desirable for the sake of having it – never for the sake of achieving something else. Aristotle compares this property to other ends of actions, like pleasure, reason, and honor. While these goals are worthy of pursuit in and of themselves, they are also pursued for the sake of happiness, which is evident in the desire for them. The completeness of happiness is synonymous with self-sufficiency. From the perspective of self-sufficiency, happiness is the ultimate good that leaves nothing else to be desired; it is sufficient by itself.
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