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Government 202 Chapter 9 Congress

Government 202 Chapter 9 Congress - Chapter...

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Chapter 9—Congress - Congress- A national legislature composed of elected representatives who do not choose the chief executive (typically a president). - Parliament- A national legislature composed of elected representatives who choose the chief executive (typically a prime minister). Powers of Congress -Found in Article I, section 8 -lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises - borrow money -regulate commerce with foreign nations and among the states -establish rules for naturalization and bankruptcy -to coin money, set its value, and punish counterfeiting -fix the standard of weights and measures -establish a post office and post roads -issue patents and copyrights to inventors and authors -create courts inferior to Supreme Court -define and punish piracies, felonies on high seas, and crimes against the law of nations -declare war -raise and support an army and navy and make rules for their governance -provide for a militia -exercise exclusive legislative powers over the seat of government (the District of Columbia) and over places purchased to be federal facilities (forts, arsenals, dockyards, and other “needful buildings”) -“make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the U.S.”—“ necessary and proper” or “elastic” Clause -A representative earns a substantial salary, receives generous retirement benefits, has at least a three-room suite of offices, supplied with an office of at least 18, can make 33 free trips to the
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home district each year, and can mail newsletters and certain other documents free under franking privilege - Franking Privilege- the ability of member of Congress to mail letters to their constituents free of charge by substituting their facsimile signature for postage -Reps with more seniority and senators receive even more benefits The Evolution of Congress -Framers did not want all powers concentrated in a single government institution (like a parliament) -hence created a bicameral legislature - Bicameral Legislature- a lawmaking body made up of two chambers or parts—House and Senate -framers expected Congress to be dominant institution in national government -House has usually embraced the view that the power of the individual members should be protected at the expense of opportunities for leadership -Power of party loyalty has grown in the House -Although party loyalty has become weaker among voters, it has become stronger among members of Congress -Senators have always insisted on the right to unlimited debate and have always resisted the emergence of leaders with strong formal powers -1913 Constitution amended to require senators be directly elected by the people instead of state legsislatures—17 th amendment Who is in Congress?
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Government 202 Chapter 9 Congress - Chapter...

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