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Lecture_guideline - Use this as a guideline for study Use...

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Use this as a guideline for study. Use this to help you with your class notes, not to replace them. For each of the historical periods you should be able to talk about the socio-political context and how it affected theatre. Plays : know the plots, be able to say what you think the themes were, and recognize the major theatrical elements and their importance in the storytelling. Theatrical Elements : Understand the basic areas of theatre and their relationships to one another. Review the relationship chart. Role of the Actor: To look at the work through the character’s point of view Director: To set the concept and perspective of the world of the play – to have artistic control over the world – The most important job is to support the actor! Producer: financial overview of the production – hire and fire director Set: create the environment Costumes: Support Characterizations Lighting: Create Mood Most important relationship in theatre- between artist and audience. - Theatre can not exist without the audience Origins of theatre as an autonomous art Two theories of the evolution of theatre as an autonomous art: Role Playing is present in both Conditions present in a society for the evolution of theatre: Detached comic sense Development of the aesthetic sense Conditions innate in humans which make it inevitable that theatre exists Gift for Fantasy Naturally Imitative Understand role of Ancient Egypt Ancient Greece Dithyramb – choral ode – tragedy evolved via the dithyramb Goat song - tragedy Dionysus – the god of wine and fertility – most theatre performances give homage to him Thespis – first actor Point of attack - late Myth or History Violence off-stage Showed carnage Structure of the play Prologue: Introduction – could give exposition, introduce characters, establish mood Parados: entrance to the chorus, give exposition, introduce characters, est. mood if no prologue Episodes - Scenes Stasima – choral songs Exodus: concluding scene The Collaborative Art – Lecture Guide – Spring 2007
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Tragic playwrights in order of their birth: Aeschylus The Oresteia Trilogy – Agamemnon First playwright of note, Speech, used 2 actors Sophocles Oedipus Rex Oedipus is considered the perfect example of the dramatic form from Ancient Greece Action, used 3 Actors Euripides Medea Radical playwright of his time, used 3 or more actors Burlesque representation of the mythology Chorus members were Satyrs. Comedy developed via Phallic Song Aristophanes Lysistrata Political playwright – Peloponnesian War Old man chorus with phalluses Old Comedy Old Comedy (political) vs. New Comedy (domestic farces) Thymele Skene Orkestra Deus ex machine Masks Actors work platform styled shoes or stilts Government sponsored the festivals Only men performed
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Lecture_guideline - Use this as a guideline for study Use...

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