class notes - SOC 150-SOCIAL PROBLEMS CLASS NOTES I Social...

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SOC 150-SOCIAL PROBLEMS CLASS NOTES I. Social Constructionism a. Theory i. Conceptual frameworks ii. Camera lens analogy iii. Micro/macro perspectives b. Social interaction i. The ways in which people respond to one another ii. Create, maintain, and change social structures iii. Behaviors (interactions) of students and instructor 1. giving answers 2. asking questions 3. listening 4. taking notes iv. classroom interactions create, maintain, and change classroom structures c. Social structure i. The way in which a society is organized into predictable social relationships ii. Influence ongoing social interactions iii. Classroom 1. watching the front of the room 2. teacher faces the class iv. our understanding of the classroom as a social structure influences our behavior (interactions) within classroom settings d. 2 Major influences i. Phenomenology 1. the analysis of the structure of everyday life a. analysis of “common sense” i. social constructionists examine/deconstruct notions of “common sense” ii. shared understanding becomes defined as “common sense”. One groups “common sense” can be very different than another groups “common sense” ii. Hermeneutics 1. the analysis of interpretation; intersubjective meaning; emphasizes the notion that the whole is equally important to its parts e. Berger and Luckmann (1966) i. Defined social constructionism as “the analysis of knowledge or reality as contingent upon social relations and as made out of continuing human practices”
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ii. We create shared meaning through our interactions with one another. Shared meaning provides guidelines for ongoing social order (social structure) iii. What is being constructed? 1. relationships 2. shared meaning; ideas f. Basic tenets of social constructionism i. Societies develop and share ways of understanding reality ii. Understanding is a social product iii. Understandings are persistent because they are useful more than because they are true 1. its useful to have a degree to get a job iv. understanding provides a map for social action g. applying social constructionism to the concept of race i. is race a biological or a social concept? ii. What are the criteria for being categorized within one racial group or another? iii. How did humans come up with the “criteria” for racial grouping? iv. Why do humans emphasize “racial” groupings? II. Social Constructionist Approach to the Study of Social Problems a. Defining a social problem i. “a problem does not exist until it is defined as such” ii. Shared belief/meaning that an issue is problematic iii. What makes an issue a social problem is that people are convinced of its troublesome nature b. What constitutes a social problem-people must be convinced that the issue/condition is: i. Has to be something that is possible to change ii. Troublesome iii. Widespread iv. One that should be changed c. Subjective and objective aspects i. Objective 1. external to the mind; actually existing 2. objective condition and people
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class notes - SOC 150-SOCIAL PROBLEMS CLASS NOTES I Social...

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