AmerPolCh2 - The Constitution and the Founding Constitution provides institutional foundation for resolving conflict inherent in politics There are

AmerPolCh2 - The Constitution and the Founding Constitution...

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The Constitution and the FoundingConstitution provides institutional foundation for resolving conflict inherent in politicsThere are multiple interpreters of the Constitution (Monica Lewinsky scandal, where Americans didn’t believe Clinton’s actions were against the Constitution, and they made their voices heard) Constitution establishes basic rules for our institutions of government, prevents government from doing certain things to citizens and guarantees specific individual rightsoDetermines ground rules for process that guides politics Conflict at the Constitutional ConventionoConstitution shaped by Revolutionary War and problems with the Articles of Confederation oSupport for republican democracy (form of government in which interests of people are represented through elected leaders) before Revolutionary WarWanted limits on government so possibility for tyranny Tories – supporters of Brit monarch oArticles of Confederation: First Attempt at Government1777Too much limited government (system in which powers of government are restricted to protect against tyranny) Written 1776 during 2ndContinental Congress (ratified 1781)No executive leader or presidentAll power given to Congress (each state had 1 vote) (elected by state legislature)No judicial branchStates had veto power, maintained autonomy (Congress lacked authority over states) France aided American troops because states refused to give money to the armyAmerica had weak government and weak foreign trade oPolitical Theories of FramersRepublicanism – belief that form of government in which interests of people are represented through elected leaders is best form of government Declaration of Independence – equality, self-rule and natural rights (life, liberty and pursuit of happiness) Influential people: Thomas Paine (Common Sense), Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, Thomas Hobbes, John Locke, Baron de Montesquieu (checks and balances) oHuman Nature and Its Implications for Democracy
Statement by framers called “Federalist Papers” by Madison, Hamilton and John Jay (explained framework of government created by Constitution) Believed humans “self-interested” Government cannot get rid of factions, but need to try and control the effects of themoEconomic Interests Status of framers and context of time (18thcentury) influenced ConstitutionCharles Beard and other scholars believe framers created

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