political science - peace and conflict - Running head PEACE...

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Running head: PEACE AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION 1 Introduction to Peace and Conflict Resolution Name Institution Name Date
PEACE AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION 2 International conflicts are inherent in any environment whereby countries and government share resources and other important socioeconomic components. In addition, international conflicts occur when one country wants to become superior and control some international components to their advantage. Therefore, competition and interests contribute to increase in international conflicts. According to Crocker, Hampson & Aall (2007), international conflicts are subject of third-party mediation. International conflict refers to domestic and interstate conflicts in which external parties take part through economic, political, asylum or military assistance and is based on domestic actors. Mediation refers to a third-party intervention when there is a conflict. This intervention approach is different from other conflict interventions since it is not based on direct use of force, and it is not aimed at helping a participant to win. Its ultimate objective is to end the conflict between two parties. Mediation is one of the best thought of as a negotiation mode that a third party helps parties involved in a conflict get a solution that they cannot get without a third party being involved. Noteworthy, not all conflicts can be solved through mediation. Mediators face the challenge of turning an issue that is not negotiable to one that can be negotiated between the warring parties and ultimately a solution is reached (Crocker, Hampson & Aall, 2007). In most cases states consider mediation to a foreign policy instrument (Crocker, Hampson & Aall, 2007). Their involvement as mediators is legitimized by the objective of conflict reduction.

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