Organization notes

Organization notes - CHAPTER 1: WHAT IS ORGANIZATIONAL...

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Director Human Resources Director Engineering Director Accounting Director Marketing Director Manufacturing Chief Executive 20 7 7 666 5 4 3 10 6 66 5 4 3 5 5 4 3 2 3 1 3 3 months 2 1 One-best-way Organizational structuring Contingency Environmental Thompson Perrow Woodward Determinist Technological Child Strategic Choice Fayol Weber Taylor omes -efficiency -goal attainment -stakeholders -competing values s tems -production technology -human resource policies, incentives -organizational culture -inter orga Select operational goals, competitive strategies Strategic Management Define mission official g goals eaknesses -distinctive competence -leader style -past performance CEO, Top Management Team ronment s -threats -uncertainty -resource availability POLITICS CONFLICT 8. Distribution of Power 7. Importance 3. Differing implantation beliefs 4. Members’ assumptions 2. Differing goals 6. Scarcity 5. Interdependence Differentiation CHAPTER 1: WHAT IS ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR? ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR: The study of the structure, functioning and performance of organizations and the behaviour of groups and individuals within them. Derek Pugh ORGANIZAITON: Is a social arrangement for achieving controlled performance in pursuit of collective goals. -social arrangements: groups of people who interact with each other as a consequence of their membership. -collective goals: shared objectives; individuals acting alone cannot achieve goals that are considered worthwhile pursuing. - Organizations are concerned with performance during the pursuit of a goal, therefore we have CONTROLLED PERFORMANCE: Setting standards, measuring performance, comparing actual with standard and taking corrective action if necessary. -Performance of a department determines amounts of resources allocated to it. Performance of individuals determines pay and promotion prospects. -The need for controlled performance leads to a deliberate and ordered allocation of functions, or division of labour, between organizational members. -American management guru, Peter Drucker , describes organizations like symphony orchestras. Like musicians, knowledge workers (what they’re called because of the rise of information technology) explore outlets for their creative talent and look for challenges while enjoying the stimulation of working with other specialists. -Why do we study organizational behaviours? Major disasters like the Challenger shuttle can be traced to organizational factors. -The study of organizational behaviour is multidisciplinary, drawing from psychology, social psychology, sociality, economics and political science. -Humans are social animals; we achieve psychological satisfaction and material gain from organized activity. -Goals pursued by individual members of an organization can be quite different from the collective
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course MN 1001 taught by Professor Gabriel during the Spring '08 term at Royal Holloway.

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Organization notes - CHAPTER 1: WHAT IS ORGANIZATIONAL...

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