Hobbes-Final - Hobbes "Life is solitary, poor, nasty,...

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Hobbes 13/12/2007 13:14:00 “Life is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short.” 1588-1679 poor uneducated family -found Euclid and Galileo which led him to founding his philosophies in  GEOMETRY and the materialism of PHYSICS -lived during crisis between Parliament and Charles I (Civil War) -self-exile in France 1640-1561 Leviathan (1651) 1 st  to apply assumptions of 17 th  century science to human behavior attempts to attain similar results as Copernicus and Galileo but in philosophy Mechanistic Materialism- the view that all things are reducible to material bodies  in motion Extends this to all disciplines Asserts that “basic laws” describe everything  Reason  voluntary collective organization is the most effective way for us to  utilize power.  When our rights to do what will satisfy our desires are deputed to a governing  body “I authorize to give up my rights to autonomy to a government that will do this for  all alike”  But whatsoever is the object of any man’s appetite or desire, that is it which he   for his part calleth good : and the object of his hate and aversion,  evil;  and of his  contempt,  vile  and  inconsiderable, For these words of good  evil, and contemptible,  are   ever used with relation to the person that useth them : there being nothing simply and  absolutely so; nor any common rule of good and evil to be taken from the nature of the  objects themselves.” Leviathan Moral relativist Commonwealth- soul of the state- soverign
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Reasons an individual/nation should go to battle/war 1. Competition “Again, men have no pleasure, but on the contrary a great deal of  grief , in  keeping company,  where there is no power able to overawe them all . For every man  looketh that his companion should value him, at the same rate he sets upon himself:  and upon all signs of contempt, or under-valuing, naturally endeavors, as far as he  dares, (which amongst them that have no common power to keep them in quiet, is far  enough to make them destroy each other),  to extort a greater value  from his contemner,  by damage ; and from others, by the example.” 2. Diffidence- fear 3. Repuation- glory Hobbesian statements from the founding fathers of the U.S.:
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course CGS 201 taught by Professor Wexelblatt during the Spring '08 term at BU.

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Hobbes-Final - Hobbes "Life is solitary, poor, nasty,...

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