semantics+srl.4 -...

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Word Sense AmbiguityWords that have mul6ple meanings arepolysemous.Each meaning is called aword sense.Word sense disambigua3onis the problem of decidingwhich meaning a word has in a specific context.I walked to the bank.The water was invi6ng.I needed to get cash.She does not want to run.Her ankle is s6ll sore.She is 6red of poli6cs.The tablelooks good.The legs are made of maple.The numbers are strong.He spoCed the annoying bug.Then it flew away.He quickly fixed his code.Random House College Dic6onary has 93 defini6onsof the verb “take”!1.to get into ones hands by voluntary ac6on (take a book)2.to get into ones hands by force (take a bone from a dog)3.to catch (to take a deer)9.to receive, react, or respond (she took the news hard)16. to have for one's benefit or use (take a naportake a bath)18. to enter into the enjoyment of (recrea6on) (take a vaca4on)20. to end a life (he took his own life)21. to subtract or deduct (if you take 3 from 5, that leaves 2)23. to convey or transport (we took the kids for a ride)29. to get over, through, or around (he took the corner at top speed)30. to come upon suddenly (take someone by surprise)38. to proceed to occupy (take a seat)46. to make a picture or photograph (he took home movies)And 9 defini6ons for the noun “take”1.the act of taking2.something that is taken3.quan6ty of fish, game, etc. taken at one 6me4.money taken in5.a por6on of copy assigned to a linotype operator(journalism)6.a scene or por6on of a scene (movies)7.a recording of a musical performance8.a successful innocula6on (medicine)9.in search of personal profit at the expense of others(on the take)And verb + par6cle expressionstake a\erShe takes a>er her mother.take downThe rocket took down a plane.take backI take back what I said.take onHe took on the tobacco lobby.take it out onShe took it out on her boyfriend.take offHe took off for Bermuda.take overHe plans to take over the company.take toThe boy took to his new babysiEer.take upThe girl took up karate.take up withHe took up with his neighbor.
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Other forms of seman6c ambiguityQuan6fier scopingAll of the cats caught a mouseCollec6ve vs. Distribu6ve Interpreta6onsThe kids played baseball!Collec6veThe kids played solitaire!Distribu6veInterac6ons between Syntax and Seman6csI dislike longGhaired dogs and cats.!ambiguousI dislike longGhaired dogs and birds.!not ambiguousGarden Path EffectsA garden path sentence is a sentence that most peopleini6ally interpret one way and then quickly change theirinterpreta6on.The astronomer married a star.The musician composed himself.The old man the boat.The government plans to raise taxes were defeated.
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