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Midterm - Tawnie Boyd October 16th 2007 Midterm...

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Tawnie Boyd October 16 th , 2007 Midterm Reconstruction Arkansas On April 9 th , 1865, Robert E. Lee officially surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse. April 9 th should have been the last day that American blood was shed over the issues that provoked the Civil War. April 9 th should have been the end of the inequality, the end of the fighting. But very rarely do things work out as they should. A study of Reconstruction in Arkansas leads to many questions, the most prominent of which is: Was Reconstruction in Arkansas the continuation of the Civil War by other means? Given the events and emotions of the time, I would have to answer with a clear and resounding yes. In order to understand how Reconstruction was simply a continuation of the Civil War, one must understand the state of Arkansas during Reconstruction. Before the Civil War, the south was the wealthiest part of the country. After the North’s victory, however, they were left without infrastructure, without a labor system, and most importantly, they were left without 12% of their 15 to 40 year old men. All of the aforementioned situations would be devastating to an economy already forced to revamp itself. The desperation caused by the poverty of Southerners led them to make several panicked and rash decisions. Of course the North had a plan to help the South restabilize itself.
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