Anatomy and Physiology II
Hepatitis is described as injury to the liver characterized by the presence of inflammatory
cells in the liver.
The etymology of the word hepatitis means inflammation of the liver.
Hepatitis has many forms there are 5 forms of the viral form of hepatitis, alcoholic hepatitis, and
The signs and symptoms of hepatitis will also be discussed and ways contraction.
The first type of viral hepatitis is Hepatitis A is transmitted via the fecal-oral route.
is a commonly known sexually transmitted disease.
Hepatitis A only has an acute form.
Symptoms include aches and pains, a general feeling of not being well, dark urine, diarrhea,
fatigue, fever, intermittent, nausea and possibly vomiting, jaundice, which can make the sclera of
a yellowish color, loss of appétit and pale feces.
The incubation period is 28 days anywhere
from 2 weeks to 6 months after being infected.
Hepatitis A is transmitted with a household
member or sex partner with Hepatitis A, contaminated food/water, eating raw or partially cooked
contaminated shellfish, feces, infected food handlers by not washing with soap and water, and
oral-fecal contact by touching contaminated items, food, etc.
Although there is a vaccine,
treatment includes an injection of immunoglobin after 2 weeks of exposure.
The second type of viral hepatitis is Hepatitis B which is caused by hepadnavirus, which
can cause both acute and chronic hepatitis.
This type of hepatitis can cause both chronic and
Forms of transmission of Hepatitis B include: blood, tattoos, sexually (through
intercourse or through contact with blood or bodily fluids), or via a mother to child by breast