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South Asia After 1945March 31 2015Review: -Is Japan a democracy today? Yes, peaceful transfers of power. Ruling power was out of power for a few years. Freedom of speech, press, elections, etc. -Ruling part of Japan = Liberal Democratic Party (LDP). -What role did General Douglas MacArthur play in Japan’s democratization? Constitution was changed, Parliament/Diet is elected and has the most control (before, emperor), freed political prisoners included communism, guaranteed freedom of religion, speech, press, gave women the right to vote. -Barrington-Moore: MacArthur made landlord give up their land and gave it to the land-poor peasants. Broke up landlord country of the countryside and broke up the Zaibatsu enabling small businesses to flourish. MacArthur created the conditions Barrington-Moore considered necessary for democracy. -How is Japanese nationalism today different from what it was before 1945? -Pre-1945, nationalism was expressed via imperialism and promising to die for the emperor. -Post-1945: cultural nationalism, pride in Japanese culture and the stability of Japanese society. Pride in refusing to apologize for war crimes (right-crime Nationalism Party). No longer militaristic nationalism. -What is Article 9 of Japan’s Constitution? Japan is demilitarized. Japan cannot engage in armed combat outside of their territory, cannot have an army/airforce/navy. They do, currently have one of the strongest militaries in the world, but they call it something other than the armed forces. MacArthur forced this Article on the constitution but many Japanese have embraced pacifism. -Is Japan still a rich country? 3rd largest GDP (4th if you count the EU as a block), after the US and China. Economic decline in the 80s, per capita income they’re behind Taiwan and South Korea, but the average Japanese is definitely not poor. Very rich country. South Asia: -India: a democratic country with an economy that has been growing rapidly since the early 1990s, and has also seen a rise in Hindu nationalism.