HST 122 Test 1 - History 122: MIDTERM Native American...

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History 122: MIDTERM Native American decline - European settlement, population destruction Ghost Dance - started by Wovoka, belief that natives would get their land back and whites would disappear. This alarmed Americans and led to wounded knee. Wounded Knee - last major armed conflict between the Lakota Sioux and the United States, more than 300 men, women and children of the Lakota Sioux lay dead. Dawes A ct- Henry Dawes, authorized the President of the United States to have Native American tribal lands surveyed and divided into allotments for individual Native American families Homestead Act of 1862 - gave title to 160 acres of undeveloped land outside of the original 13 colonies to anyone, including freed slaves in order to make improvements Fredrick Jackson Turner - historian, wrote of the correlation between the closing of the frontier and overseas expansion Turners Frontier Thesis - Frontier was essential to uniqueness. 300 years of existence and settlement of frontier shaped American institutions, culture. Industrialization - The ever increasing number of factories created an intense need for labor, convincing people in rural areas to move to the city, and drawing immigrants from Europe to the United States. As a result, the United States transformed from an agrarian to an urban nation, and the demographics of the country shifted dramatically. Railroad expansion - created; a national marketplace, standardization (weights and measures), time zones, organization (accounting methods) Laissez Faire - "let do an injunction against government interference with trade, became used as a synonym for strict free market economics during the early and mid-19th century Social Darwinism - competition between all individuals, groups, nations or ideas drives social evolution in human societies (“survival of the fittest”) Gospel of Wealth - Against Social Darwinism, an essay written by Andrew Carnegie that described the responsibility of philanthropy by the new upper class of self-made rich. The wealthy entrepreneur must assume the responsibility of distributing his fortune in a way that it will be put to good use, and not wasted on frivolous expenditure. Andrew Carnegie - Steel was where he found his fortune. In the 1870s, he founded the Carnegie Steel Company. By the 1890s, the company was the largest and most profitable industrial enterprise in the world. He sold it to J.P. Morgan's US Steel
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John D. Rockefeller - billionaire, revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy. In 1870, Rockefeller founded the Standard Oil Company Scientific Management - reduced worker dependence Fredrick W. Taylor - Time and motion studies; maximize efficiency, output. Cut the workforce. Thomas Edison
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HST 122 taught by Professor O'neal during the Spring '08 term at Missouri State University-Springfield.

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HST 122 Test 1 - History 122: MIDTERM Native American...

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