Final Study Guide COMPLETE

Final Study Guide COMPLETE - INTRODUCTION TO SPEECH...

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INTRODUCTION TO SPEECH COMMUNICATION FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE Chapter 9 Schutz’s human needs, pp. 212-213 h Inclusion – The state of being involved with others; a human need. N Affection – The emotion of caring for others and/or being care for – means that we humans need to love and be loved. N Control – The ability to influence our environment Small group communication defined, pp. 215-216 (see bullet-points on p. 215) h Small group communication – The interaction among three to nine people who are working together to achieve an interdependent goal. o Groups must be small enough that members are mutually aware that the group of people is a collective entity. Groups typically contain between three and nine people but may be larger if members perceive the group as an entity. o The substance that creates and holds the group together is the interaction between members. o Group members are interdependent – they cannot achieve their goals without the help of other group members. Types and functions of small groups, pp. 216 h Task-oriented groups(Secondary Groups) – Formed for the purpose of completing tasks such as solving a problem or making a decision. (Ex. A group of students studying for an exam are taking part in a task-oriented group.) N Relationship-oriented groups(Primary Groups) – Usually long-term and exist to meet our needs for inclusion and affection. (Ex. Your family is an example of a relationship-oriented group) N Assigned group – Evolve out of a hierarchy where individuals are appointed as members of the group. (Ex. Being asked to serve on a student union advisory board is an example of an assigned group.) N Emergent groups – The results of environmental conditions leading to the formation of a cohesive group of individuals. (Ex. A group of friends who meet at college is an example of an emergent group.) Types of leaders, p. 217 h Designated leader – Someone who has been appointed or elected to a leadership position. (Ex. Chair, team leader, coordinator, or facilitator.) N Emergent leader – Someone who becomes an informal leader by exerting influence toward achievement of a group’s goal but who does not hold the formal position or role of leader. Types of power (Wilmot & Hocker and French & Raven), pp. 217-218 h Distributive power – Where the leader exerts influence over others. N Integrative power – Which highlights interdependence with another person or persons to achieve mutually agreed upon goals. N Designated power – Where power is given to the importance of a relationship between people. Marriages, families, and groups often hold such power for us. o Wilmot & Hocker/French & Raven N Reward power – The ability to give followers what they want and need. N Punishment power – The ability to withhold from followers what they want and need.
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