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Midterm Study Guide - INTRODUCTION TO SPEECH COMMUNICATION...

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INTRODUCTION TO SPEECH COMMUNICATION MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE Chapter 1 The communication process (definitions of communication, process, and meaning), pp. 9-10 Communication: The process of using messages to generate meaning. Process: An activity, exchange, or set of behaviors that occur over time. Meaning: The understanding of the message. Components of communication (people, the message, the channel, feedback, code, encoding and decoding,  noise), pp. 11-14 People: o Source: Initiates message o Receiver: Intended target of message The Message – Verbal and nonverbal form of the idea, thought, or feeling that one person wishes to  communicate to another person or group of people. The Channel – Means by which a message moves from the source to the receiver. o Ex. Airwaves, sound waves, twisted copper wire, glass fibers and cable. Feedback The receiver’s verbal and nonverbal response to the source’s message. Code – Arrangement of symbols used to create meanings in the mind of another person. Encoding – Process of translating an idea into a code. Decoding – Process of assigning meaning to the idea into a code. Noise – Any interference in the encoding and decoding processes that reduces message clarity. Communication principles, pp. 14-17 Comm. begins with self- how you see yourself Comm. involves others- messages provide substance & they suggest a relationship between and  among communicators - self image grows out of the ways we are categorized by other - comm. competence requires sensitivity and responsiveness to others  Comm. has both a content and relational dimension - content message describes expected behavior - relational message suggests how the content is to be interpreted Comm. is complicated - not just simple message transmission - involves choices about multiple aspects of the message An increased quantity of comm. does not increase the quality of comm. - verbage does not necessarily lead to positive outcomes
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“comm. is inevitable, irreversible, and unrepeatable” Communication contexts, pp. 17-21 (see Table 1.1 for Differences among communication contexts) Table 1.1 DIFFERENCES AMONG COMMUNICATION CONTEXTS Contexts Intrapersonal  communication Interpersonal Communication Public  Communication Mass  Communication Dyadic  Communication Small-Group  Communication Number of  people 1 2 Usually 3 to 10;  maybe more Usually more  than 10 Usually  thousands Degree of  formality or  intimacy Most intimate Generally  intimate;  interview is  formal Intimate or  formal Generally formal Generally  formal Opportunities  for feedback Complete  feedback A great deal of  feedback Less than in  intrapersonal 
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