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Unformatted text preview: 1 Unit 2 Assessment- Senses Takeisha Lindsey Herzing University PS101-8D: Psychology Prof. Althea Artis November 08, 2021 2 With the holidays approaching we will be surrounded by an inclusive variation of taste sensations. Taste is one of the five senses we all have, but what is "taste", precisely? Taste includes a combination of our senses of smell, touch, and taste. It is the interaction of these senses that determines whether we like the taste of the food or dish we are trying, yet most individuals confuse taste with flavor. Taste cells are epithelial and are clustered in taste buds located in the tongue, taste buds are small structures on the upper surface of our tongue, an adult has approximately 2,000 to 4,000 papillae on their tongue. The soft palate, epiglottis, pharynx, and the esophagus the tongue being the primary organ of the Gustatory System (Sensory systems/gustatory system 2021). The absolute threshold is the smallest amount of a stimulus to be perceived. When neurons or sensory receptors specific to the stimulus are detected, sensation occurs and we use our tongues to distinguish between five basic tastes such as sweet, salty, sour, bitter and umami (savory). There are several factors that can influence the level of the absolute threshold, including cognitive processes, adaptation to the stimulus, and the individual’s motivations and expectations (Sensory absolute thresholds, n.d.). I choose this sense for the reason that the five basics of taste together help create flavor, I enjoy trying different types of dishes and foods and really love cooking. Not only is cooking enjoyable it is also about balancing and contrasting different sensory experiences, which makes it one of the most vital components of understanding taste. Transduction signifies the first step toward perception and is a translation process where different types of cells react to stimuli creating a signal processed by the central nervous system resulting in what we experience as a sensation (Jenkins & Dumper, n.d.). In psychology, transduction refers to changing physical energy into electrical signals (neural impulses) that can make their way to the brain. For example, your ears receive energy 3 (sound waves) and transduce (or convert) this energy into neural messages that make their way to your brain and are processed as sounds (Transduction, n.d.). REFERENCES Boundless. (n.d.). Sensory absolute thresholds. Retrieved November 8, 2021, from . Jenkins, W., & Dumper, K. (n.d.). Introductory psychology. Retrieved November 8, 2021, from . The senses – taste. alimentarium. (n.d.). Retrieved November 8, 2021, from . Transduction. (n.d.). In Alleydog.com's online glossary. Retrieved from: The senses – taste. alimentarium. (n.d.). Retrieved November 8, 2021, from . Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (2021, July 15). Sensory systems/gustatory system. Wikibooks, open books for an open world. Retrieved November 8, 2021, from . ...
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