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Getachew Mihretu_ MBA-B .docx - MANAGING ORGANIZATIONAL...

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MANAGINGORGANIZATIONALBEHAVIORINDIVIDUAL ASSIGNMENT #1By:Getachew Mihiretu YitayId No. SGS/ 00852013ATo: Berhanu Endeshaw (Dr.)Jan, 2021
1.Both genetics and Environment determine personality. Researchers have spent decadesstudying family, twins, adopted children and foster families to better understand how much ofpersonality isgeneticand how much isenvironmental. Both nature and nurture can play a rolein personality, although a number of large-scale twin studies suggest that there is a stronggenetic component.One study, the Minnesota Study of Twins Reared Apart, studied 350 pairs of twins between1979 and 1999. Participants included both identical and fraternal twins who were either raisedtogether or apart. Results revealed that personalities of identical twins were similar whether theywere raised in the same household or apart, suggesting that some aspects of personality areinfluenced by genetics.This certainly does not mean that the environment does not play a role in shaping personality.Twin studies suggest that identical twins share approximately 50% of the same traits, whilefraternal twins share only about 20%.Personality traits are complex and research suggests that our traits are shaped by bothinheritance and environmental factors. These two forces interact in a wide variety of ways toform our individual personalities.2.Introverts: are tends to enjoy more time to themselves, are very aware of their internal taughtand recharge more in solitude.Extroverts: are often more outspoken, outgoing and absolutely love being around otherpeople.Contribution of introvert and extrovert personal traits for organizational performancePeople with extrovert tends to relate well to others, and are often well liked in their teams andoffices. They form quick and easy friendships, and their outgoing nature leads to effective groupworks. Also they may struggle with keeping their emotions in check. At times they can comeacross as aggressive or abrasive, but they are also intent on pleasing people. This can lead toeasily swayed and unfinished projects.People with introverts are precise and detail oriented. They depend less on encouragement andare good, logical leaders. Their ability to focus on projects leads to high group effectiveness.Also they can come off as unfriendly or shy. They struggle in social events and can struggleworking in groups with people they do not like. Once they have an idea in their head, they canbe difficult to compromise with. They are often perceived as unfriendly elitist.1
3.Maslow’s Hierarchy of NeedsIt is a motivational theory in psychology, represented by a five-tier model of human needs, oftendepicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid. Needs lower down in the hierarchy must besatisfied before individuals before needs higher up can be addressed. The needs are:physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem, and self-actualization. Argues that higherneeds in the hierarchy gain importance when an individual feels they have sufficiently satisfiedthe previous need.

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Douglas McGregor

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