HST 326 paper 2 - Jeff Murzynski A35387571 April 2, 2008...

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Jeff Murzynski A35387571 April 2, 2008 Paper Topic #2 The Beginning of the Cold War The Cold War began in the early post-WWII years and led to a hat war between the two ideological camps, capitalist-democracy and soviet communism. The relationship between the United States and the Soviet Union progressively became adversarial between 1945 and the eve of the Korean War. The political and military dimensions between to the two sides, along with economic and personalities of the leaders, led to this growing tension between the two countries. At the end of WWII, the two remaining powers, the Soviet Union and the United States, had different goals and visions of the world that would come from the war. The United States wanted Europe to be under self-determination and to expand its trade ability in the world. The Soviet Union wanted a sphere of influence in the territory surrounding it. At the end of WWII, the Soviets had lost 20 million soldiers, 66% of heavy industry, and 41% of its railways. Security was a key issue to the soviets. These goals were seen first in the Yalta Conference. The Yalta Conference was held on February 4, 1945, in the Black Sea resort. Roosevelt asked for the Soviet support against the Japanese in the Pacific. Churchill wanted free elections and democratic governments in Eastern Europe. Stalin came demanding a Soviet sphere of influence, which he felt was necessary for USSR national security. Stalin agreed that the Soviet Union would enter the United Nations because of its ability to use a veto in the Security
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Council. The Soviets also agreed to fight Japan 90 days after the German defeat. The parties agreed that Germany would be split into three zones, along with Berlin at the end of the war, with the opportunity for France to have a zone also. The issue of Poland’s future was touched on. It was agreed that USSR would keep what it annexed and Poland would get territory from Germany.
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course HIST 320 taught by Professor Collin during the Spring '08 term at Michigan State University.

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HST 326 paper 2 - Jeff Murzynski A35387571 April 2, 2008...

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