ALL NOTES - Race and Ethnicity in the United States Johann...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
8/29/2007 Race and Ethnicity in the United States Johann Blumenbach (1776)  Big into participation and discussion, class is about personal issues and not simply  regurgitating facts,  Quiz o We may not always be able to define race but we can always tell race when  we see it.  FALSE, can’t always tell when you look at someone,  but physical  characteristics because not everyone looks exactly the same o Race is a biological and scientific concept and does not change over time  or vary from society to society FALSE, evolution, mixed marriages, etc.  8-31-2007 Race/Ethnicity in the US Race is Socially Constructed: we as human beings began race as a way to subjugate  other people and it isn’t only about color but more about how we can make ourselves  better than someone else.  Definitions: o Race:  refers to socially constructed grouping among people that are understood  as having a physical basis  o Genetics:  Breeding populations, lineages, ancestry groups, geographic groups o Ethnicity:  refers to naturally constructed groupings among people based in  cultural difference- language, religion, customs
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
People could adopt any culture (ethnicity) regardless of ancestry (race) o Blonde, blue-eyed, American, Buddhist People of common ancestry (race) tend to have similar culture (ethnicity) People of common culture (ethnicity) tend to marry each other and thus produce physically different ancestry lines (race) o This is how groups stay over time “Race” : The physical underpinnings o 99.9% of human genetic characteristics are common to all o There is a small proportion that varies and much of this variability is hereditary (I.E. people with more recent common ancestors will be more similar than those whose common ancestors are more distant) o Groups are more physically distinct when geographic or social barriers prevent their intermarriage across generations: this is physical basis of “race” Race is a social construction: cultural interpretation of underlying ancestry groups o Elements of this social construction There are 3,4,or 5 distinct non-overlapping “races” with well-defined differences People “really are” one race or the other These groups have physical differences which cause cultural differences These groups can be ranked o Race as the concept we use today created in the wake of European colonial conquest as justification for domination. In US, specifically as justification for African slavery and displacement of American Indians o Old contrast was Christian vs. infidel. Debate was whether baptized “Indians” had the rights of personhood. Old ideologies accept hierarchy; you could enslave or dominate others without needing to justify it.
Image of page 2
o “Race” drew on Darwin, used new Biology to create an ideological justification for  hierarchy despite Enlightenment ideals of equality: some people are “naturally”..
Image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern