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AMH2020 Midterm ReviewBalance of Power: Booker T. Washington: Was a part of the southern progressivism, he was born to a former slave, and founded the Tuskegee Institute, a vocational school that empowered African Americans to learn on their own. He was a gradualist and thought blacks weren’t advanced enough yet and wanted them to be economically independent. He was close friends with Carl Schurz who believed it was up to blacks to determine their success and future.Election of 1912: Theodore Roosevelt decided to run for office again after he was disappointed with Taft’s conservatives. Roosevelt was the champion of progressives and promotes his new idea of new nationalism. He was favored. With the republican party split, the democrats thought they would win with Woodrow Wilson how gathered a good amount of progressive legislation. Wilson was similar to Roosevelt and created “New Freedom” who thought concentration of economic power threatened liberty. Wilson’s moralizing and New Freedom and a split republican vote won him the election, breaking Roosevelt’s record with 435 electoral votes.Ellen Richards: Believed in education and efficiency. She pioneered home economics and looked at it from a scientific point of view, encouraging standards of cleanliness and sanitation in the home and housekeeping and believed in the traditional view that the women’s role in the home was very important and encouraged and wrote books on proper domestic duties of a woman. Her studies in chemistry and water studies aided in the progressive movement in the US and as a result Massachusetts established the first water quality standards and the first modern sewage system.“Fighting Bob” LaFollette: By 20thcentury, governors trying to put progressivism into practice. Governor of Wisconsin, Robert M. La Follette. Elected in 1900, center to his identity was progressivism. Regulating railroads, working hours and environmental issues. “Fighting Bob” made close alliance with government and University of Wisconsin. Building connections with social scientists and state government. Applying progressivism to problems they say around them.Fourteen Points: President Woodrow Wilson promised a morally driven post-war plan. The fourteen points was an address to congress after WWI which called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, open covenants, free trade, and reduced spending on military and association of nations that guaranteed political independence. Wilson convinced Germans into overthrowing Kaiser and surrendering by promising peace through the 14 points as well as the allies. Facing little support back in the US with a republican senate and a hard to please Europe, many of the 14 points had to be dismissed. But he fought for decolonization and self-determination but made concessions to imperialism.