AMH 2020 Midterm Review
Section One – Identification
the editor of the
and considered the champion of the new south. He saw
the south full of riches and thought it should build factories, otherwise the South would fail. He spent most
of his time in the North speaking to audiences about the North/South partnership investors. He did believe
that the White race was the superior race and believe in white supremacy. He was best known for his sense
of humor and his great passion for public speaking.
Grandfather Clause: it was introduced by Louisiana and stated that if you, your father or grandfather had
voted before January 1, 1869, you did not have to worry about taking any literary tests or meet any
requirements. However, the catch is that American American’s period could not vote before this date
therefore not allowing most African Americans to vote. This Clause was put in place so poor white men had
the opportunity to vote without meeting any requirements. In 1898, the Supreme Court stated the Clause
was constitutional, causing only 5% of African Americans to vote until the 1960s.
Ida B. Wells: In the 1880s and 1890s, Wells was very devoted to stop lynching. She was the editor of a
newspaper in Memphis, and after witnessing the lynching of three African Americans, she used her
newspaper to attack lynching. Thereafter, white people destroyed her printing press and forced her out of
the city. Still, Wells was devoted to the idea and started her own investigation as to why so many African
Americans were being lynched. She discovered that white southerners felt threatened by successful African
Americans and so killing them was the only way to keep white supremacy in order. She traveled
internationally to release these findings, however, the lynching’s continued.
Battle of Little Big Horn: in this Battle in 1876, George Armstrong Custard was the American military leader.
He was sent to defeat Sitting Bull and Crazy House. The Indians were outnumbered, outmanned and
overcame the American army. While it was a big victory at the time for the Indians, in the long run it ended
up being a horrible thing that the Indians won the Battle. The Americans were so infuriated with their loss,
that eventually they began attacking their main source of survival, the buffalo.
Helen Hunt Jackson: She was from the East and highly educated. She was born in MA and her life was full of
tragedy with the death of her husband and two sons; eventually, in 1879, she went to an Indian speak in
Boston and she was inspired and felt the need to act and do something.
She concluded three things, 1) To
survive; Indians had to give up their tribal practices, 2) she should help Indians convert to Christianity, 3)
Indians needed to learn how to farm. She lobbied for Congress to act and they did by passing the Dawes
Act. Jackson wrote a book,
A Century of Dishonesty
, to explain the Dawes Act.
Dawes Act: In 1887, Congress passed this act for Indians to have an equal chance within the reservation. It