WORLD RELIGIONS – REL 212 World Religions HINDUISM & JAINISM WEEK 2 Cosmogony - Origin of the Universe Jainism believes that the universe and all the substances are everlasting. Jains believes that the universe is without beginning or end. Hinduism are thought to believe in the creation as the origin of this universe. With Hinduism don’t have any external creation or a creator. Hinduism don’t have a God in the heaven concept. Nature of God/Creator The nature of Hindu believes that it’s only one true and real god. The supreme spirit which one calls Brahman. These gods have many forms. Jainism believes in that God is not perfect. Jains believes that when the souls live in a blissful state then it will become liberate. View of Human Nature The Hindu view of nature is based upon the Vedas, their philosophical views. Hindu thought, there is no separation between the Divine and the world of nature. They are the two aspects of the same reality. With Jainism, one's soul is eternal with infinite power and knowledge. The power to be divine are depleting on karma, one is able to achieve this divinity. Although the Jains believe that every creature has a soul, only human souls are able to reach this liberation. View of Good & Evil The Jain view of God enables Jainism to explain the evil and suffering that exists in the world without the intellectual difficulties faced by religions that have an omnipotent, wholly good, creator God at their heart. View of Salvation Hinduism, the idea of salvation is called Moksha, which for Hindus means escaping the cycle of life and rebirth and entering a state of completeness. View of After Life Afterlife in Jainism is very intersecting and correlates with everything else we have talked about prior to this. It is depended on your karma; if you will have all bad karma then you are set. It is also depended on your spiritual development and weather you have achieved moksha, or free from his cycle of rebirth, which is what happens if you don’t achieve it. The afterlife in Hinduism go hand to hand with concept of impermanence. Hindus believe that the immortal soul undergoes a continual rebirth or reincarnation known as samsara. When the cycle of death and rebirth is broken, Hindus refer to this as "moksha," or the final, ultimate release from rebirth. Once the soul attains moksha is it at rest. Once the cycle of reincarnation is broken, a Hindu is said to achieve unity with Brahman, the ultimate reality of the universe.
Practices and Rituals Most Jains fast during holy days and festivals; some Jains choose fasting at other times in order to purify or to assist in their spiritual development. This ritual can vary from giving up food and drink entirely too only giving up favorite foods. Many Jains choose to fast when their death is approaching so that they may purify their thoughts in the preceding moments to their death.
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