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psych 10/2 - o Fed on schedule o More demanding in toilet...

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- o o o Group 3: Control (no drink) o Participants “mixed” with others in a room o Completed questionnaire o Men in Groups 1 & 2 observed to behave more “obnoxiously” than men in Group 3 o Men and Women in Groups 1 & 2 felt more “sexually aroused” than those in Group 3 MOTIVATION - Instinct Theory - Drive-Reduction Theory o Primary drives (innate) o Secondary drives (acquired) - Humanistic Theory - Psychological Needs o Henry Murray 1950s Need for power o Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) o Regarding need for achievement Winterbottom (1958) Mothers with high n-ach o Encouraged children to think independently Mothers with low n-ach o Protective and restrictive o Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) o McClelland (1983) Compared childrearing practices of mothers with: High n-ach sons
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Unformatted text preview: o Fed on schedule o More demanding in toilet training o Expected sons to keep rooms clean o Permitted sons to select clothes and friends o Encouraged to persist at difficult tasks o Praised a lot for accomplishments • Low n-ach sons o Cognitive Motives Festinger (1957) We’re motivated to reduce “cognitive dissonance” (mental tension/ disharmony) EXAMPLE: • Belief/thought #1: “Husband is faithful” • Belief/thought #2: “….found evidence to the contrary” EXAMPLE On Test • Being Unaware of Our Motives Wife Sister-in-Law Psych Major Psych Major Study in Spain Study in Spain Double Major (Psych & Spanish) Double Major (Psych & Spanish) M.A. in Spanish M.A. in Spanish Teach at Comm. College Teach at Comm. College About 4 years apart...
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psych 10/2 - o Fed on schedule o More demanding in toilet...

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