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Personality - 1892-1949 Avoiding anxiety from being...

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Personality - Reasonably stable patterns of behavior, thoughts, and feelings that characterize a person’s life - “Personality” is a construct Three Broad Approaches to Personalities - Psychodynamic (Freudian) o Freud’s background 1856-1939 Traditional European education o Psychic Structures Id (pleasure principle) Ego (Reality principle) Super-Ego (Our conscience) o Defense Mechanisms Denial Displacement Rationalization Reaction – Formation Projection Disavowal Sublimination o Alfred Adler 1870-1937 Inferiority complex Origin comes from being a child We’re going to die and there’s nothing we can do about it o Carl Jung 1875-1961 Collective unconsciousness o Karen Horney 1885-1952 Basic anxiety and basic hostility (toward our parents) o Harry Sullivan
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Unformatted text preview: 1892-1949 Avoiding anxiety from being “alone” The “nursing situation” (prototype of subsequent relationships o Erik Erikson 1902-1994 psychosocial stages of development-Behavioral o John B. Watson (1878-1958) o B.F. Skinner (1904-1990)-Humanistic o Abraham Maslow (1908-1970) o Carl Rogers (1902-1987) o Rollo May (1909-1994) o Premises of Humanistic Psychology Study humans (not animals) Study individuals (not groups of people) Study “positive” behavior Humans are “basically good” Humans have a “free will” Purpose of life: self-actualization Unconditional positive regard • IT SEEMS that our parents only love and respect us if we meet their expectations...
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Personality - 1892-1949 Avoiding anxiety from being...

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