Test 1 Review - Introduction to Biological Anthropology...

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Introduction to Biological Anthropology - What is Anthropology? (Prof. Pete says…) o Anthropology is the study of every aspect of human existence in all times and places - What qualifies as “human” history? o All of the collective experience of our biological ancestors o All of the creatures to whom we are closely related - Characteristics of hominids o Taxonomic family hominidae o Bipedalism - What is culture and what does it include? o Strategy of how humans adapt to the natural environment o Includes: technologies, subsistence patterns, housing types, clothing, religion, values, gender roles, marriage and family - Cultural Relativity o You examine and learn about a culture within its own context. You can’t apply your particular belief systems to another culture and hope to understand it. - 4 subfields of anthropology o Cultural Anthropology Studies all aspects of human behavior o Archaeology Studies and interprets material remains recovered from earlier cultures o Linguistic Anthropology The study of human speech and language, including the origins of language in general as well as specific languages o Physical Anthropology The study of human biology within the framework of evolution and with an emphasis on the interaction between biology and culture. - Ethnography o Detailed descriptive studies of human societies - Historic vs. prehistoric archaeology o Prehistoric archaeology is the study of cultures that existed before the invention of writing o Historic Archaeology is the study of later, complex civilizations that produced written records - Artifacts, material culture, ecofacts, landscapes o Artifacts: objects or materials made or modified for use by hominids o Material Culture: Physical manifestations of human activities: includes tools, art, and structures o Ecofacts: the remains of plants (botanical remains) or animals (faunal remains) that were used for food or other purposes - Relationship between culture and language
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o We can’t have our culture if we don’t have language o Language reflects the way members of a society perceive phenomena o We can’t reproduce culture if we can’t explain it to one another o How does the use of language shape perceptions in different cultures? Vocabulary provides clues: 50 terms for snow among Eskimos - 6 Subfields of physical anthropology o Paleoanthropology Study of human evolution Paleo = old Use of fossil record o Anthropometry Measurement of human body parts Different populations around the world look different Chinese are shorter on average than scandenavians People of Asian descent have different cranial structure that those of European descent o Primatology Study of nonhuman primates Closely related to humans Most advanced primates in various times in history
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course ANT 2511 taught by Professor Sinelli during the Spring '08 term at University of Central Florida.

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Test 1 Review - Introduction to Biological Anthropology...

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