NS 115 Term Paper

NS 115 Term Paper - Athletes today will do anything to gain...

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Athletes today will do anything to gain that extra advantage on their competition in terms of speed, power, and explosiveness, but do muscle supplements actually work in increasing muscle mass, sports performance, and decreasing fatigue during workouts? This is the question commonly asked when the hottest muscle supplement on the market, creatine, is concerned. I, along with many other people believe that creatine is the fastest, most effective way to build functional strength, speed, quickness, slow fatigue, and increase muscle mass. This is believable because creatine actually increases the amount of ATP the muscles are generating, which the body already creates in everyday activity, to increase muscle stamina which, in turn, allows the athlete to train the muscles longer and harder for the quick results of increased muscle mass, enhanced sports performance, and decreased fatigue. Others think that there aren’t enough studies and conclusive evidence to prove that the outcomes of increased muscle size, better sports performance, and decreased fatigue actually comes from creatine usage and that the old ways of eating steak and potatoes and working “hard” will work just as well. The study of creatine use is a very important topic for health and nutrition because more and more athletes are thinking about starting creatine just to add to the multi-million already using the supplement. If the studies on creatine show that creatine is actually as helpful as many think and those athletes are gaining an extra edge on everyone else, more people will agree that creatine is a very helpful supplement in the sports world. So, in order to fully understand the concept of creatine on the human body and to actually see if taking the supplement actually works, we will look at four research studies done by groups of scientists in their field of nutrition. The study that was performed that proves that creatine actually increases muscle mass, enhances sports performance, and decreases fatigue during workouts was provided by Cramer et al (2007). The studies done that disprove the hypothesis that creatine does in fact increase muscle mass and 1
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enhances sports performance were provided by Hoffman et al (2005), and Armentano et al (2007), and Becque et al (2005). Cramer et al conducted a double-blind experiment in order to test their hypothesis that over a nine day period they would see a strength change in their subjects while working out consistently and taking a 6 gram dose of creatine (2007). Cramer et al took twenty-five men (mean age +/- SD = 21 +/- 3 years, stature = 177 +/- 6 cm, and body mass = 80 +/- 12 kg) who volunteered to participate in the double-blind test where the men would be randomized into two groups, one of which would be the creatine controlled group and the other would be the placebo controlled group. Their objective was to explain and test how creatine use shows a combined benefit of rapid increase in muscle strength and sports enhancement (faster, quicker, stronger), in
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This note was uploaded on 02/20/2008 for the course NS 1150 taught by Professor Levitsky during the Fall '05 term at Cornell.

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NS 115 Term Paper - Athletes today will do anything to gain...

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