Content Outline Hinduism 3 - Rel 101 Content Outline...

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Rel 101: Content Outline Hinduism: knowledge and duty as paths to moksha Tues, Sept 15 Assigned Reading , Molloy, Chapter 3, 88-95, 103 (start at “The Guru”)—110. (you do not have to memorize dates for the quiz) I. The Upanishads and the path of knowledge - Vedanta : “Veda end”- school of philosophy -used ideas of the Upanishads as inspiration - Shankara (@ 788-820CE): greatest teacher of Vedanta, all is one-all is Brahman - monism: belief in oneness of everything - guru: spiritual teacher -ashram: spiritual hermitage or monastery II. The path of duty dharma: respect for more worldly goals- a call to social and religious duty -Specific duties for Hindu’s based on gender, stage of life, and specific caste Bhagavad Gita (@ 200BCE-200CE): “divine song” - Krishna and Arjuna The four stages of life : student; householder; retiree; renunciate Student: “Brahmachanrin” between ages 8-20- studies religious work
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Unformatted text preview: Householder: “Grihastha” age 20- marriage, raises children Retiree: “Vanaprastha” retire when grandchildren arrive Renunciate: “Sannyasin” only after retirement, is an option The caste system: division of society into stages of life -brahmin: the priest- preforms Vedic rituals and acts as a counselor-kshatriya; the warrior noble- protects society -vaishya: merchant- landowners, money lenders, artisans-shudra: peasant- does manual labor and serves higher castes “once-borne”-dalit: the untouchable- does the dirty work of cleaning toilets, sweeping streets, etc. Other key terms : yoga; meditation; OM Yoga: used to help people spiritually, path or way to seek inside knowledge Meditation: major practice in Hinduism OM: functions as mantra and symbol- technique to help settle your mind...
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  • Spring '08
  • Carruth
  • Hinduism, Vedas, preforms Vedic rituals, studies religious work

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