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Sociological TheoryGerman IdeologyHistorical materialism summarized so far-We get these different terms but they are all inter-related and correlative-This materialist approach builds from a few simple historical premises (p. 8) oMen must be in a position to live in order to be able to make historyoThe satisfaction of the first need leads to new needs; and this production of new needs is the first historical actoMen who daily remake their own life, begin to make other men, to propagate their kind; the relation between man and woman, parents and children, the familyoIt follows from this that a certain mode of co-operation or social stage,and this mode of co-operation is itself a ‘productive force’-This mode of co-operation, this productive force, of course, involves a historically specific division of labor and form of property Communist Manifesto1848-A spectre is haunting Europe—the spectre of Communism. All the powers of the old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exorcise this spectre: Pope and Czar, Metternich and Guizot, French-radicals and German police-spies. -The spring of nations-Springtime of the peoples-The year of revolutionsoParis provided the spark that set Europe ablaze oFebruary revolution in FranceoMarch revolution in the German statesoThen Denmark, Habsburg empire, Poland, Ukraine, Belgium, Ireland -Almost everything between Britain and Russia quaked-Recent historical parallels: 1968, 1989, Arab SpringMain points of the manifesto-1. The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class strugglesoWhat is class?Mode of production= division of labor=forms of property=classstructure Social class is your position in the social structure as determined by the division of labor and the forms of property—i.e. by the mode of production -2. In our epoch, there are two great classesoThe class structure of society is consolidatingoIn the past, class structures and struggles were more manifoldoUnder feudalism, lord, vassal, and serf in the countryside oNow more and more societies are organized around just two
oBourgeoisie and the proletariat; owners of the means of production and the wage-laborersoAbsolute polarization, extreme estrangement, nothing in between-3. Where did the bourgeoisie come from?4. Global trade death-knell of the guilds, a boon to the rising bourgeoisieoAge of discovery, imperialism, and colonialism, expanded tradeo