Sociological Theory - Sociological Theory German Ideology Historical materialism summarized so far We get these different terms but they are all

Sociological Theory - Sociological Theory German Ideology...

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Sociological Theory German Ideology Historical materialism summarized so far - We get these different terms but they are all inter-related and correlative - This materialist approach builds from a few simple historical premises (p. 8) o Men must be in a position to live in order to be able to make history o The satisfaction of the first need leads to new needs; and this production of new needs is the first historical act o Men who daily remake their own life, begin to make other men, to propagate their kind; the relation between man and woman, parents and children, the family o It follows from this that a certain mode of co-operation or social stage, and this mode of co-operation is itself a ‘productive force’ - This mode of co-operation, this productive force, of course, involves a historically specific division of labor and form of property Communist Manifesto 1848 - A spectre is haunting Europe—the spectre of Communism. All the powers of the old Europe have entered into a holy alliance to exorcise this spectre: Pope and Czar, Metternich and Guizot, French-radicals and German police-spies. - The spring of nations - Springtime of the peoples - The year of revolutions o Paris provided the spark that set Europe ablaze o February revolution in France o March revolution in the German states o Then Denmark, Habsburg empire, Poland, Ukraine, Belgium, Ireland - Almost everything between Britain and Russia quaked - Recent historical parallels: 1968, 1989, Arab Spring Main points of the manifesto - 1. The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles o What is class? Mode of production= division of labor=forms of property=class structure Social class is your position in the social structure as determined by the division of labor and the forms of property —i.e. by the mode of production - 2. In our epoch, there are two great classes o The class structure of society is consolidating o In the past, class structures and struggles were more manifold o Under feudalism, lord, vassal, and serf in the countryside o Now more and more societies are organized around just two
o Bourgeoisie and the proletariat; owners of the means of production and the wage-laborers o Absolute polarization, extreme estrangement, nothing in between - 3. Where did the bourgeoisie come from? 4. Global trade death-knell of the guilds, a boon to the rising bourgeoisie o Age of discovery, imperialism, and colonialism, expanded trade o

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