Biology Lecture 5 - Carbon & Organic Compounds Chapter...

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Chapter 4
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Organic Chemistry The study of organic compounds Organic compounds Compound containing carbon Most also contain hydrogen Cells are composed largely of organic compounds Proteins Lipids Carbohydrates Nucleic acids
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Carbon 6 electrons 4 valence electrons Usually completes valence shell by sharing 4 electrons
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Versatility of Carbon Bonding (a) Methane (b) Ethane (c) Ethene (ethylene) Molecular Formula Structural Formula Ball-and- Stick Model Space- Filling Model H H H H H H H H H H H H H H C C C C C CH 4 C 2 H 6 C 2 H 4 Name and Comments
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Molecular Diversity: Carbon Skeleton Variation Carbon chains form the skeletons of most organic molecules Skeletons can vary enormously Length Number and location of double bonds Straight chain vs. branched vs. closed rings Isomers
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Molecular Diversity: Carbon Skeleton Variation H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H H
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This note was uploaded on 04/15/2008 for the course BIO 311C taught by Professor Satasivian during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Biology Lecture 5 - Carbon & Organic Compounds Chapter...

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