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Chinese Legalism - action and act on public law finds his...

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Mone 1 Trevor Mone Dr. J. Abbott History 201 March 19, 2008 The Elements of Legalism There are many uses of legalism in China. One of its focuses is on military, “It welcomed Legalist administrators, who developed policies for enriching the country and strengthening its military” (Craig 203, 35). This shows us that in a Legalist government military are an important part of maintaining power. Legalism was also used to show the people that the emperor was almost god like, “Because Ch’in laws were cruel and severe, and because Legalism put human laws above an ethic modeled on Heaven, later generations of Chinese have execrated its doctrines” (Craig 49, iii). This type of evidence shows us that the Chinese emperors believed in Legalism as a way of controlling the people through fear of gods. Emperors also used Legalism as a way of exercising their power, “Any ruler able to expel private crookedness and uphold public law, finds the people safe and the state in order; and any ruler able to expunge private
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Unformatted text preview: action and act on public law, finds his army strong and his enemy weak” (Andrea 98, 5). In this passage we learn that a government based on Legalism has the power to intimidate their adversaries. The philosophers thought that the “wise man” was the person who, “Like the philosophers of other schools, the Legalists were concerned to end the wars that plagued China” (Craig 47, 79). The “wise man” was the person who could end all war and plague which was hurting China. Legalism worked with the Chinese view of the world around them, “They particularly despised purveyors of doctrines different from their own and were critical of rulers Mone 2 who honored philosophers while ignoring their philosophies” (Craig 47, 99). This quote informs us that the Chinese believed that Legalism was the only true way of working a government and anyone who believed otherwise was wrong. These are the foundations and components of Chinese Legalism....
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