Chapter 13

Chapter 13 - Chapter Thirteen Emotions and Personality...

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Chapter Thirteen Emotions and Personality Emotions: can be defined by their three components (1) Have distinct subjective feelings, or affects, associated with them (2) Accompanied by bodily changes, mostly in the nervous system, and these produce associated changes in breathing, heart rate, muscle tension, blood chemistry, and facial and bodily expressions (3) Accompanied by distinct action tendencies , or increased in the probabilities of certain behaviors Functional analysis: proposed by Charles Darwin about emotions and emotional expressions. Focuses on the “why” of emotions and expressions, in particular in terms of whether they increase the` Emotional states: transitory, depend more on the situation a person is in than on the specific person Have a specific cause that typically originates outside of the person Emotional traits: patterns of emotional reaction that a person consistently experiences across a variety of life situations Internal to the person Cause people to feel in certain ways Categorical approach: those who think that primary emotions are the key Researchers have tried to reduce the complexity of emotions by searching for the primary emotions that underlie the great variety of emotional terms Primary emotions: emotions that are part of human nature Disgust, sadness, joy, surprise, anger, and fear Dimensional approach: researchers gather data by having subjects rate themselves on a wide variety of emotions, and then apply statistical techniques to identify the basic dimensions underlying the ratings Content: the content of emotional life refers to the characteristic or typical emotions a person is likely to experience over time Someone whose emotional life contains a lot of pleasant emotions is someone who might be characterized as happy, cheerful, and enthusiastic o Thus the notion of content leads us to consider the kinds of emotions that people are likely to experience over time and across situations in their lives Style of emotional life: refers to how emotions are experienced For example, saying that someone is high on mood variability is to say something about the style of his or her emotional life, that his or her emotions change frequently
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PPE 3003 taught by Professor Madsen during the Spring '06 term at FSU.

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Chapter 13 - Chapter Thirteen Emotions and Personality...

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