Chapter 15

Chapter 15 - Chapter Fifteen Personality and Social...

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Chapter Fifteen Personality and Social Interaction Introduction Personality interacts with situations (social environments) in three ways o Selection o Evocation o Manipulation These three mechanisms can be applied to an understanding of how personality affects interpersonal situations o Personality characteristics of others influence whether we select them as our dates, friends, and even marriage partners Also play a role in the kinds of interpersonal situations they select to enter and stay in o Personality qualities of others evoke certain responses in us, and us in them o Personality is linked to the ways in which we try to influence or manipulate others Selection Situation selection occurs when we choose to enter some situations and avoid others Social selections are decision points that direct us to choose one path and avoid another o Determine the nature of our social environments and social worlds, and are often based on the personality characteristics of the selector Mate selection is a good example Personality Characteristics Desired in a Marriage Partner What do people want in a long-term partner? o 37 samples from 33 countries, all races, religions, and political systems Most massive study ever conducted on what people want in a mate o Revealed that personality characteristics play a central role in the selection of a mate o Most favored characteristic is mutual attraction or love Next came dependable character, emotional stability, and pleasing disposition Resemble three of the Big Five Factors Assortative Mating for Personality: The Search for the Similar Complementary needs theory says people are attracted to those who have different personality dispositions than they have o Opposites attract Attraction similarity theory says people are attracted to those who have similar personality characteristics o Birds of a feather flock together Evidence supports attraction and not complementary o Complementary only found in biological sex
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Men prefer women and women prefer men Assortative mating occurs when people seem to select mates who are similar to themselves o Positive correlations in height, weight, nose breadth, and earlobe length o Couples who have been together the longest appeared most similar in personality May be because couples grow more similar over time Also because dissimilar couples break up more often o People tend to marry those who are close by Positive correlations found between married couples may be merely a side effect of mating with those who are close by Botwin studied two samples, dating couples and newlywed couples Correlations were computed between two sets of personality ratings: the ones made by the subject (self) and the average of the peer and interviewer ratings of the subject (aggregate) o Subjects expressed mate preferences o Correlations were consistently positive Those who scored high on extraversion / conscientiousness wanted
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This note was uploaded on 04/17/2008 for the course PPE 3003 taught by Professor Madsen during the Spring '06 term at FSU.

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Chapter 15 - Chapter Fifteen Personality and Social...

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